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No cut in “Age of Consent” Under the POCSO Act 2012: LC

The Law Commission’s Stand Against Lowering the Age of Consent from 18 to 16 years under the POCSO Act.




Discover why there has been no reduction in the “Age of Consent” under the POCSO Act and gain insights into the implications of this decision by the Law Commission.

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The Protection of Children from Sexual Offences (POCSO) Act, enacted in 2012, is a significant legal framework in India aimed at safeguarding the rights and well-being of children against sexual exploitation. One of the contentious issues surrounding the POCSO Act in recent times has been the proposal to lower the age of consent for sexual activity. While there are proponents of this idea, it is essential to understand why the Law Commission, among others, has advocated against such a change. This post delves into the reasons behind the Law Commission’s stance against lowering the age of consent under the POCSO Act and explores the implications of this decision.

Protecting Vulnerable Children:

The primary objective of the POCSO Act is to protect children from sexual offenses and exploitation. By setting the age of consent at 18 years, the law recognizes that individuals below this age may not have the emotional and psychological maturity to make informed decisions regarding sexual activity. Lowering the age of consent would risk exposing younger children to potentially harmful situations where they may not fully comprehend the consequences of their actions.

Preventing Child Abuse:

The Law Commission’s position against lowering the age of consent is rooted in the need to prevent child abuse. Lowering the age of consent could inadvertently create opportunities for predators to target children who are not legally capable of providing informed consent. This change may expose vulnerable children to sexual exploitation and manipulation.

Aligning with International Standards:

India is a signatory to various international conventions and treaties aimed at protecting children’s rights. The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) emphasizes the need to protect children from all forms of sexual exploitation and abuse. By keeping the age of consent at 18, India aligns itself with international standards that prioritize the welfare of children.

Lowering the age of consent under the POCSO Act would create significant legal complexities. Determining the age at which a child can provide valid consent would require a thorough legal and psychological assessment. This could lead to confusion and legal disputes, ultimately undermining the Act’s effectiveness.

Promoting Education and Awareness:

Rather than lowering the age of consent, the focus should be on promoting education and awareness about healthy relationships, consent, and sexual health among young individuals. Initiatives aimed at enhancing children’s understanding of these crucial topics can empower them to make informed decisions when they reach the age of consent.

Ethical Considerations:

Ethically, there are concerns about whether society should endorse sexual activity among minors who may not have the emotional and psychological maturity to engage in consensual relationships. The Law Commission’s stance reflects a commitment to upholding ethical standards and safeguarding the rights and well-being of children.


The Law Commission’s opposition to lowering the age of consent under the POCSO Act is a well-founded decision that prioritizes the protection and well-being of children. While there may be arguments in favor of lowering the age of consent, it is crucial to consider the potential risks and consequences of such a change. Protecting children from sexual exploitation and abuse should remain at the forefront of our efforts, and the current age of consent under the POCSO Act is an essential component of that protection. Instead of lowering the age of consent, we should focus on comprehensive education and awareness programs that empower children to make informed decisions about their bodies and relationships when they reach the age of 18.

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