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Mission Chandrayaan-3: ISRO का मान, 140 करोड़ भारतीयों का अभिमान

Closer Look at Lander and Rover’s Major Specifications and Significance of Mission




Discover the latest updates and insights on India’s ambitious space mission, Chandrayaan-3. Explore the objectives, challenges, and advancements of the mission in this article

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India’s ambitious lunar exploration program, Chandrayaan, has captured the world’s attention with its previous missions. After the successful launch and achievements of Chandrayaan-1 and Chandrayaan-2, the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) is now gearing up for its next lunar expedition, Chandrayaan-3. This eagerly anticipated mission aims to build upon the accomplishments of its predecessors, with a particular focus on the lander and rover. In this article, we will delve into the major specifications of the Chandrayaan-3 lander and rover, shedding light on the advancements and capabilities of this upcoming mission.

Lander Specifications:

The lander is a crucial component of the Chandrayaan-3 mission, as it serves as a platform for conducting scientific experiments and facilitating the deployment of the rover. Here are some of the key specifications of the Chandrayaan-3 lander.

a) Landing System:

Chandrayaan-3 will feature an improved and more robust landing system compared to its predecessor. The lander will be equipped with advanced sensors and technology to ensure a precise and safe landing on the lunar surface. Lessons learned from the Chandrayaan-2 mission’s landing attempt have been incorporated into the design to enhance reliability and minimize risks.

b) Payloads:

The lander will carry an array of scientific payloads to conduct various experiments and gather valuable data. These payloads will focus on studying the lunar soil, surface composition, mineralogy, and other aspects of the Moon’s environment. They will aid in enhancing our understanding of the Moon’s geology, evolution, and its potential as a resource-rich celestial body.

c) Communication and Power:

To maintain communication with Earth, the lander will be equipped with an advanced communication system, enabling real-time data transmission and remote-control capabilities. Additionally, the lander will feature solar panels for power generation, ensuring a sustained energy supply throughout the mission.

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Rover Specifications:

The rover plays a crucial role in Chandrayaan-3 by venturing out onto the lunar surface to explore and collect valuable data. Let’s explore the major specifications of the Chandrayaan-3 rover.

a) Mobility:

The rover will be equipped with an enhanced mobility system, allowing it to traverse the rugged lunar terrain with agility and stability. It will be designed to overcome potential obstacles and navigate through challenging lunar conditions, enabling it to access regions of scientific interest.

b) Scientific Instruments:

Chandrayaan-3’s rover will carry a suite of scientific instruments designed to perform detailed analyses of the lunar surface. These instruments will provide valuable insights into the composition of the lunar regolith, the presence of water molecules, and other key parameters. The rover will also be capable of drilling into the lunar surface to collect samples for further analysis.

c) Endurance and Autonomy:

The Chandrayaan-3 rover is expected to have an extended operational lifespan compared to its predecessor. It will possess improved autonomy and decision-making capabilities, allowing it to adapt to the challenging lunar environment and execute its scientific objectives efficiently.

Countries have successfully managed to land on the Moon:

As of now, the Soviet Union, China, and the US are the only countries to have achieved successful moon landings, with only NASA sending astronauts there. ISRO is set to launch Chandrayaan-3, its third lunar mission today. If successful, it’ll be the first mission worldwide to achieve a soft landing near the lunar south pole, marking a significant milestone for ISRO.

Chandrayaan-3 to boost India’s space science:

Chandrayaan-3 will not only demonstrate India’s technological prowess and resilience but also advance its scientific knowledge and understanding of the moon. Here are some of the ways that Chandrayaan-3 will boost India’s space science.

Exploring the lunar south pole:

The mission aims to land a rover on the south pole of the moon, which no other country has explored before. Chandrayaan-3 will be a follow-up to Chandrayaan-2, which failed to soft-land on the lunar surface in 2019 due to a technical glitch.

The south pole of the moon is a region of great interest for scientists, as it is believed to contain water ice, and other resources that could support future human settlements. Chandrayaan-3 will deploy a rover that will traverse the lunar terrain and conduct experiments to study the composition, geology, and environment of the south pole. The rover will also look for signs of past or present life on the moon, such as organic molecules or biosignatures.

Testing new technologies:

Chandrayaan-3 will test some of the new technologies that India has developed for lunar exploration, such as a propulsion system, a landing sensor, a hazard detection and avoidance system, and a rover mobility system. These technologies will help India achieve a soft and precise landing on the moon, as well as enable the rover to navigate and communicate effectively. Chandrayaan-3 will also test a new radio frequency instrument that will measure the thickness and distribution of lunar regolith (the layer of dust and rocks on the moon’s surface).

Contributing to global science:

Chandrayaan-3 will not only benefit India’s space science but also contribute to the global scientific community. The mission will share its data and findings with other countries and agencies that are interested in lunar exploration, such as NASA, ESA, JAXA, and ISRO. Chandrayaan-3 will also collaborate with other missions that are planned or ongoing on the moon, such as NASA’s Artemis program and China’s Chang’e series. By working together, these missions will enhance our collective knowledge and understanding of the moon and its potential for future exploration and utilization.

Comparing with other missions:

Chandrayaan-3 is one of the most ambitious and challenging missions that India has undertaken in its space program. It is also one of the few missions that aim to land on the lunar south pole, which is considered to be difficult and risky terrain. Chandrayaan-3 will build on the achievements and learnings of Chandrayaan-1 and Chandrayaan-2, which were India’s first and second lunar missions respectively.

Chandrayaan-1 was launched in 2008 and successfully orbited the moon for 10 months, providing valuable data and images. It also discovered traces of water molecules on the lunar surface. Chandrayaan-2 was launched in 2019 and consisted of an orbiter, a lander, and a rover. The orbiter is still functioning and sending data, while the lander and rover crashed during the landing attempt. Chandrayaan-3 will attempt to overcome the challenges faced by Chandrayaan-2 and achieve a successful landing and roving operation on the moon.


Chandrayaan-3, India’s lunar mission, holds great promise in expanding our understanding of the Moon and its mysteries. The lander and rover, with their advanced specifications and capabilities, will be instrumental in conducting scientific experiments, collecting data, and enhancing our knowledge of the lunar surface. As we eagerly await the launch of Chandrayaan-3, it is a testament to India’s growing prowess in space exploration and its commitment to pushing the boundaries of scientific discovery. The mission will undoubtedly contribute significantly to the global scientific community’s efforts in unraveling the secrets of our celestial neighbor, the Moon.

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