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A $5 Trillion Economy Vs 5 Kg Free Food grains



Food Grains

Discover the contrasting realities of a $5 trillion economy and the provision of 5 kg free foodgrains in this insightful article.

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India is projected to become the third-largest economy in the world by 2028, surpassing Japan and Germany. This is a remarkable achievement for a country that was once colonized and exploited by foreign powers. However, this economic growth does not translate into social justice or human development for the majority of its population. According to the latest data from the National Family Health Survey (NFHS-5), 80 crore Indians are still receiving free food grains under the National Food Security Act (NFSA) to stave off hunger and malnutrition.

Did PM provide a Solution?

Last week, during an election rally in Chhattisgarh, Prime Minister Narendra Modi made an important announcement. He declared that the Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Ann Yojna, a program that provides 5 kilograms of foodgrains for free every month to those in need, will be extended for five more years. The reason behind this decision is simple – the Prime Minister does not want any citizen of India to go to bed hungry. But here’s the question: even with a projected GDP of $5 trillion, will there still be a large number of Indians struggling with hunger line and cannot afford to buy adequate food for themselves or their families? And who will truly benefit from this five-year plan?

The Plan and its Impact

The Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Ann Yojna is a scheme that aims to provide food security to the people of India. Under this program, eligible individuals receive 5 kilograms of food grain every month without having to pay for it. This initiative has been extended for five more years, which means that until 2028, around 80 crore Indians will continue to receive free foodgrains to fight against hunger.

Who Will Benefit?

While the government’s plan to extend the foodgrain scheme is undoubtedly a step towards addressing hunger, it is essential to consider who will truly benefit from this five-year plan. Will it reach those who need it the most? Will it help the most vulnerable sections of society, such as the poor and marginalized?

The National Food Security Act

To help combat hunger and malnutrition, the Indian government passed the National Food Security Act (NFSA) in 2013. This act provides subsidized food grains to a majority of the population, including pregnant women, new mothers, and young children. It’s one of the largest social welfare programs in the world, costing a lot of money each year.

But Does It Solve the Problem?

While the NFSA is a step in the right direction, it doesn’t address the underlying issues causing hunger and malnutrition in India. Problems like low agricultural productivity, a flawed distribution system, poor sanitation and hygiene, lack of clean water, healthcare, and education, and social discrimination still persist.

Not Sustainable in the Long Run

The NFSA relies on buying large amounts of food from farmers and storing them across the country. This puts a strain on the government’s finances and distorts the prices of food. Additionally, the program doesn’t encourage people to have a diverse and nutritious diet, leading to health problems like anemia, diabetes, and obesity.

What Needs to Be Done?

The NFSA is important for providing immediate relief to those in need, but it’s not a long-term solution. To truly address food security in India, more investment is needed in agriculture, rural development, healthcare, education, and social protection. The country’s food policies and systems also need to be reformed to be more efficient, inclusive, resilient, and environmentally friendly.

Measuring Success

India’s economic growth shouldn’t just be measured by its GDP or per capita income. It’s important to look at human development indicators and social justice outcomes as well. After all, what good is a $5 trillion economy if it doesn’t improve the quality of life for its people? To truly succeed, India’s economy must be inclusive and fair for everyone.

India’s Economic Growth

The Indian government has set an ambitious goal for the country – to become the third-largest economy in the world by 2028, with a GDP of $5 trillion. This means that India wants to be one of the wealthiest nations globally. However, the question arises: if India achieves this economic milestone, will it also ensure that its citizens have enough to eat?


As India strives to become a $5 trillion economy, it is crucial to ensure that the benefits of this growth reach every citizen. While the extension of the Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Ann Yojna is a positive step, it is equally important to focus on comprehensive measures that address the root causes of hunger and poverty. Only then can we truly create a society where no one goes to bed hungry, regardless of India’s economic achievements?

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